Nettle (Urtica Dioica)

Urtica Dioica is an herbal perennial plant used as a source of food and medicine. It can be found in many regions of the world. It has trichomes (or stinging hairs) that produce a painful sensation when touched.

Urtica Dioica is the Latin name, but it is also known as stinging nettle and common nettle.
Urtica Dioica can be found in the countryside and areas with high rainfall. It is found most commonly from June to September, when conditions are mild.
Urtica Dioica is stalk-like and stands two to three feet tall. It has heart-shaped leaves with jagged edges, and the stems are square in shape. The flowers are white with green segments. It produces a strong and offensive odor.
Urtica Dioica contains many vitamins and minerals, as well as other important chemicals, including the following: Beta-carotene, Calcium, Chromium, Enzymes, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium, Sulfur, Vitamin A, Vitamins B1, B2, B3 & B5, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Xanthophylls and Zinc.
Parts of this plant, mainly its roots and leaves, are used in modern medicine. The plant's extracts or a tea made from its parts may be used to treat many ailments, including the following:
  • Arthritis
  • Allergies
  • Anemia
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Digestive problems
  • Hair loss
  • High blood pressure
  • Menopause
  • Pain (general)
  • Prostatitis

Some non-conventional medicinal uses of Urtica Dioica include the following:

Rheumatism treatment: In Germany, Urtica Dioica is an official remedy for rheumatism. The nettle juice is known to contain an anti-inflammatory component, acting similarly to today's steroidal drugs.
Chickenpox treatment: Urtica Dioica may be ingested for the treatment of this contagious childhood illness.
Blood purifier: Nettle tea has been used for a very long time to purify the blood.

Bruise treatment: Urtica Dioica may be applied externally to heal bruises.